The meaning of ‘groundworks’ refers to the work carried out to prepare the ground and below ground to enable the start of a construction project. In short, Groundworks is the first set of activities involved on a construction site that lead to the foundations being laid.
In construction terms, excavation is the process of removing earth to form a cavity in the ground. On small sites or in confined spaces, excavation may be carried out by manual means using tools such as picks, shovels and wheelbarrows.
A common method of classifying excavation is by type of excavated material: topsoil, earth, rock, muck, and unclassified.